1.Sustainable Development Goals


  1. Sustainable development goals have specific targets to be achieved by

(1) 2022 (2) 2030

(3) 2040 (4) 2050

Answer :2

  1. Assertion (A) : Sustainable development is critical to well being of human society.

: Environmentally sound policies do not harm the environment or deplete the natural resources.

Choose the correct code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true and (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false and (R) is true.

Answer : 2

  1. The time frame for the implementation of Millennium Development Goals was, 

(1) 2000 – 2005 (2) 2000 – 2015

(3) 2005- 2010 (4) 2000-2012

Ans: 2

  1. Statement I: The Millennium Development Goals were adopted in the United Nations in the year 2010

Statement II: Developing a global partnership for development was one of the Millennium Development Goals.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(1) Only I

(2) Only II

(3) Both I and II

(4) Neither I nor II

Ans: 2

  1. Which of the following are priority areas in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals?

(a) No poverty

(b) Zero hunger

(Cc) Reducing urbanization

(d) Peace, justice and strong institutions

Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

(1) (a), (b), (c)

(2) (a), (c), d)

(3)  (b), (c), (d) 

(4) (a), (b), (d)

Ans: 4

(36). Identify the Sustainable Development Goals from the list given below: 

  1. Zero Hunger
  2. Quality Education 

iii. Universal Primary Education

  1. Clean Water and Sanitation
  2. Green agriculture
  3. Climate Action

Select correct answer from the options given below:

  1. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
  2. (iii), iv), (V) and (i)
  3. (ii), (iii), iv) and (v)
  4. (i), (ii), iv) and (vi)

Ans: 4

  1. The themes of some Sustainable Development Goals are
  1. Climate action
  2. Sustainable cities and communities
  3. Peace, justice and strong institutions
  4. Skill development and decent employment
  5. Green agriculture
  6. Responsible consumption and production

Choose the most appropriate from those given below:

  1. (a), (b), (c), (e) and (f)
  2. (b), (c), (e) and (f)
  3. (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f)
  4. (a), (b), (c) and (f)

Ans. 4

(10). Which of the following not a Millennium Development Goal (MDG)?

  1. Eradicate reme poverty and hunger
  2. Improve maternal health
  3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all ages
  4. Ensure environmental sustainability

Ans: 3

(10). Montreal protocol was signed in order to address which of the following environmental issues?

  1. Tropospheric ozone pollution
  2. Depletion of ozone in the stratosphere
  3. Global warming
  4. Acid rain

Ans: 2

Q.42 Millennium development goals of global partnership for development envisaged making available the benefits of new technologies-especially which of the following?

  1. Information and communication
  2. Artificial intelligence
  3. Nuclear technology
  4. Solid waste treatment technology


Q.41 Which of the following are millennium development goals?

  1. Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
  2. Improving maternal health 
  3. Addressing climate change
  4. Promoting gender equity and empowerment of women
  5. Ensuring energy security for all

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

  1. A, B, C, and D only
  2. A, C, D and E only
  3. A, B, C, D, and E
  4. A, B, and D only


Q42. Which of the following was not an issue to be addressed under millennium development goals?

  1. Child mortality 
  2. Environmental sustainability 
  3. Human rights
  4. Primary education


Q.38 Which of the following is not a sustainable development goal?

  1. Gender equity
  2. Climate action
  3. Protection of ozone layer
  4. Life below water


Q.36 Under which of the following objectives of millennium development goals, the progress in the world as a whole has been least satisfactory?

  1. Halting by 2015 and beginning to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  2. Eliminating gender disparity in [primary and secondary education by 2015
  3. Reducing the proportion of population below national  poverty line by 2015
  4. Reducing by half proportion of people who suffer from hunger by 2015


Q.40  Which of the following is NOT of the missions under national action plan on  climate change?

  1. National water mission
  2. National mission on energy 
  3. Green india mission
  4. National mission in solid waste management


Q.38 Under Millenium development goal 5, maternal mortality ratio between 1990 and 2015 was reduced by

  1. 50%
  2. 75%
  3. 66%
  4. 40%


Q.40 Under goal 2 of millennium development goals, UN member countries were to ensure that by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls would be able to complete a full course of

  1. Primary education
  2. Secondary memory
  3. Tertiary education
  4. Skill based education


Q.40 Formulation of long term -low emission development strategies by each country was suggested under

(1) Paris agreement 

(2) Montreal protocol 

(3) International solar alliance 

(4) Kyoto protocol


Q.36 The only UN treaty to environmental issue which has been ratified by all 197 UN member states is 

(1) Montreal protocol

(2) Paris agreement 

(3) Kyoto protocol

(4) Basel convention


Q.36 A multilateral fund for implementation of montreal protocol was set up to provide financial and technical assistance to developing countries, parties to montreal protocol, whose annual per capita com=consumption and production of ozone depleting substance amounted to less than

(1) 0.3 kg 

(2) 0.5 kg 

(3) 1.0 kg

(4) 1.5 kg 


Q.36 Which of the international agreements/convention/protocols are legally binding on the member countries (parties)?

(A) Convention on biological diversity 

(B) Kyoto protocol 

(C)  Montreal protocol

(D) Paris protocol 

Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

(1)   (C) only

(2)  (A) and (C) only

(3)  (A) (B) and (C) only

(4)  (B) (C) and (D) only


Q.38 Wind energy is very sensitive to the wind velocity because wind power is directly proportional to the 

(1) wind velocity 

(2) square of the wind velocity 

(3) square root of the wind velocity 

(4) cube of the wind velocity 


Q.40 Which of the following was the central aim of the Paris agreement ? 

  1. To reduce the CFCs emissions 
  2. To strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change 
  3. To address biological diversity issues 
  4. To address the problem of ozone layer depletion 


Q.36 Sustainable development goal -life below water aims at conserving and sustainably using 

  1. Ground water resources 
  2. rivers , sterms, ponds and lake resources 
  3. Oceans, sea and marine resources 
  4. Wetland resources 



Q.37 From the following list, identify the greenhouse gases adopted in the Kyoto Protocol 

  1. i) Carbon dioxide 
  2. ii) Metene 

iii) Nitrous oxide 

  1. iv) Hydrofluorocarbons 
  2. v) Perfluorcarbons 
  3. vi) Sulphur hexafluoride 

Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

  1. i), ii),iv) and v) only
  2. i), iv), v) and vi) only
  3. ii), iv). v) and vi) only
  4. i), ii), iii), iv), v) and vi)


Q.38 Climate pledges under Paris agreement cover what fraction of greenhouse gas emissions reduction need to limit the global warming below 2degrreeC?

  1. 1/3 
  2. 2/3
  3. 1/2 
  4. 3/4


Q.36 Clean development mechanism was first introduced in which of the following international agreements?

  1. Montreal protocol 
  2. Kyoto protocol 
  3. Rio summit 
  4. Paris agreement 


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