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  1. Nagoya Protocol is related to

(A) Climate change

(B) Ozone depletion

ugc net paper 1 course

(C) Hazardous waste

(D) Biodiversity

Answer: (D)

  1. Kyoto Protocol is related to

(A) Ozone depletion

(B) Hazardous waste

(C) Climate change

(D) Nuclear energy

Answer: (C)

  1. Which one of the following biosphere reserves has UNESCO recognition ?

(A) Manas

(B) Kanchenjunga

(C) Seshachalam Hills

(D) Greater Nicobar

Answer: (D)

  1. In order to avoid catastrophic consequences of climate change, there is general agreement among the countries of the world to limit the rise in average surface temperature of earth compared to that of pre-industrial times by

(A) 1.5oC to 2oC

(B) 2.0oC to 3.5oC

(C) 0.5oC to 1.0oC

(D) 0.25oC to 0.5oC 

Answer: (A)

  1. In which country, the recent international agreement on phasing out Hydro Fluoro Carbons (HFCs) was signed ?

(1) Rwanda

(2) Morocco

(3) South Africa

(4) Algeria

Answer : 1

  1. One of the main outcomes of the Rio +20 conference was to develop a set of

(1) Sustainable Development Goals

(2) Millennium Development Goals

(3) National Development Strategy

(4) National Land Restoration Strategy

Ans: 1

  1. The Paris Agreement aims to limit the temperature rise in this century by how many degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial levels?

(1) 1°C (2) 2°C

(3) 0.5°C (4) 3°C

Ans: 2

  1. Which one of the following conferences/summit is also known as UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD)?

(1) The Stockholm Conference, 1972

(2) The Rio de Janerio Conference, 1992

(3) The Johannesburg Summit, 2002

(4) The Rio + 20 Conference, 2012

Ans: 4

  1. The initiative to establish International Solar Alliance was jointly taken by

(1) USA and India 

(2) France and India

(3) Sweden and India 

(4) China and India

Ans: 2

  1. Which of the following are features of Paris Agreement?

(a) The agreement focuses on mitigation measures for environmental pollution

(b) The agreement recognizes the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities

(c) Paris agreement pertains to 2020 climate actions


Select the correct answer:

(1) (a) and (b) only 

(2) (a), (b) and (c)

(3) (b) and (c) only 

(4) (a) and (c) only

Ans: 3

  1. Montreal protocol aims at

(1) Reduction in emissions of green house gases

(2) Phasing out ozone depleting substances

(3) Prohibiting transboundary movement of hazardous waste

(4) Enhancing cooperation among UN member states for peaceful uses of nuclear energy

Ans: 2

(38). Which of the following UN Conferences Summit adopted the programme of Action for Sustainable Development?

  1. Stockholm Conference 
  2. Johannesburg Summit
  3. Rio de Janeiro Conference 
  4. Ahmedabad Conference

Ans: 2

(36). The Government of India has set up the Ministry of Jal Shakti by merging renaming which of the following:

  1. Ministry of Water Resources Ministry of Earth Sciences 
  2. Ministry of Water Resources: Ministry of River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, and Ministry of Rural Development
  3. Ministry of water Resources: Ministry of River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation: and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
  4. Ministry of Water Resources

Ans: 3

(40). For encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. UNEP focused on the World Environment Day (2019) on which of the following themes? 

  1. Conserve energy 
  2. Beat air pollution
  3. Tackle climate change
  4. Save water

Ans: 3


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