Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication [Complete] Free Pdf Notes-2021

In this Post Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication you can get Complete Syllabus, Study Materials Pdf Notes in Hindi, Mcq Live Mock Test, Previous Year Questions Answer, Most Repeated Questions, 2012 to 2020 All Shift Topics Wise Questions in Hindi English For Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication.

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication

The communication part of the UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus is, without doubt, one of the most attention-grabbing matters of the syllabus. The part covers all of the matters such the means of communication, varieties, strategies, limitations, and extra. You could find compiled communication notes to your examination preparation under.

Communication is a vital matter of the UGC NET Paper-I Examination. It covers 10 marks out of the overall 100 in Paper – I. With correct preparation, one can simply try all 5 questions of Communication in UGC NET Paper-I.

Right here we’re offering entire information on Communication Notes for UGC NET Examination 2020-21. Test the UGC NET Communication notes and put them together for the examination in a greater approach by making a strong examine plan.

Syllabus For Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication

  • Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
  • Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
  • Barriers to effective communication.
  • Mass-Media and Society.

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Study Material

Topic #1 Communication Meaning, Nature and Characteristics in Hindi

What is Communication?

  • The communication word comes from the Latin word “communicate” or “communist” which means to make common. Communication means to make familiar facts, thoughts, information, and requirements. So, Communication is the interchange of ideas, information, message, etc. by way of speech, writing, or signal.

Definition of Communication

You can check the meaning of communication, according to many renowned scholars:

  • Communication is the sum of all things, and one person does when he wants to create understanding in the minds of another. It involves a systematic and continuous process of telling, listening, and understanding.
    – Allen Louis
  • Communication is an exchange of facts, ideas, opinions, or emotions by two or more persons.
    – George Terry
  • Communication is the process by which information is transmitted between individuals and organizations so that an understanding response results.
    – By Peter Little

Characteristics of Communication

  • Two or More Persons: Minimum of at least two persons require, i.e., the sender of the message and the receiver.
  • Exchange of Ideas: There must be an exchange of ideas, information, feelings, etc., among two or more than two persons.
  • Mutual Understanding: The receiver should receive the information in the same manner with which it is being given.
  • Continuous Process: Communication is a continuous process. It never stops.
  • Use of Words as well as Symbols: There can be many means of communication, like the oral, the written and symbolic.

Topic #1 – Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Click Here For Complete Pdf Notes

Topic #2 Types of Communication II Pdf Study Notes in Hindi

3. Types of communication

a. Classification on the basis of the relationship element

(i) Intrapersonal communication

  • It is communication inside an individual practically every one of the occasions, including conversing with oneself, turning in to oneself and relating one to oneself.
  • It includes individual reflection, mediation contemplation and even praying to God. We conceptualize and formulate our thoughts or ideas before we actually indulge in overt communication.

(ii) Interpersonal communication

  • It is also named as dyadic communication.
  • It is an all-inclusive type of close and personal routine communication between two individuals, both sending and receiving the message.
  • It may be formal or informal, verbal or non-verbal. It takes place anywhere by means of words, sounds, facial expression, gestures and postures.
  • It is an effective communication process as you can get immediate feedback. It has greater scope for grapevine.
  • Due to the proximity between the sender and the receiver, interpersonal communication has emotional appeal too.

(iii) Group communication

  • Group communication situations are quite common in day-to-day life.
  • A group is a number of people that has a common goal, interact with one another to attain the goal, recognize one another’s existence, and see themselves as part of the group.
  • Characteristics of the group in relation to an individual are on the basis of membership, dependence, acceptance, attraction, volition, innate pressure, change and flexibility and leadership.
  • Group communication is influenced by several heterogeneous factors, like age, sex, education, economic, social, linguistic, religious, national, regional and racial differences.
  • Group communication is viewed as effective as it gives a chance to coordinate connection among the individuals of the group and it helps in bringing about changes in attitudes and beliefs.

(iv) Mass communication

  • Mass correspondence and broad communications are for the most part thought to be synonymous.
  • At a different level, mass communication has three characteristics:

(i) The audience is large and heterogeneous: Radio and television are assumed to have a larger audience in comparison to the newspaper.

(ii) The source is a foundation or a gathering of individuals.

(iii) Some kind of mechanism is used to reproduce information. It is also termed as mediated communication.

  • Channels for mass communication are termed as mass media. Example of mass media includes radio, TV, newspapers, magazines and films.

b. Communication on the basis of Expression

(i). Verbal communication

  • Verbal means the use of words in the communication process and in the design and formulation of messages. In verbal communication, the message is transmitted verbally, i.e. by making use of words, such as oral and written.

Verbal communication is further divided into the following types:

1. Oral Communication: In oral correspondence, verbally expressed words are utilized. It includes face to face conversations, speech, telephonic conversation, video, radio, television and voice over the internet. Oral communication is influenced by the following factors:

  • Pitch & Volume
  • Rate
  • Clarity in Speaking & Articulation

2. Written communication: In written communication, written signs and symbols, both in printed or handwritten form can be used.

  • Pictures, graphs, etc. are used to complement the written text.
  • The communicator’s writing skills, style and knowledge of grammar affect the quality of the message.
  • In written communication, the message can be transmitted through email, letter, report, memo etc.
  • This is the most commonly used communication in a business organization.

(ii). Non-verbal communication

  • It is the procedure of communication through sending and accepting silent messages.
  • There is a famous quote, ‘action speaks louder than words’. Here action stands for our body movements.
  • This communication is all about the body language of the speaker and does not make use of words.
  • Communication, other than body language, posture, tone of voice or facial expressions is called non-verbal communication.

c. Classification based on purpose and style

(i) Formal Communication

  • In the formal communication, certain rules, regulations, convention and protocols are followed while formulating and communicating a message.
  • It follows an organizational structure.
  • It tends to be upwards or downwards crosswise over the chain of importance or expert lines.
  • In the formal communication, the use of the right language and correct pronunciation is required.

(ii) Informal communication:

  • Informal communication channels exist along with formal communication channels in any organization.
  • It primarily addresses the social needs of the students.
  • It is relational and essentially up close and personal and with utilization of body signals.
  • It happens among friends and family.
  • In informal communication, there are no formal rules and regulations for communication.
  • It is termed as grapevine.

d. Communication on the basis of direction

a. Vertical Communication:

  • This is fundamentally formal communication.
  • This can be upwards (base up) and downwards (top base).

b. Lateral communication:

  • Communication with individuals at the same level in the chain of command that are companions and partners is named as lateral communication.
  • This may join both formal and informal communications.

c. Diagonal Communication:

  • Diagonal Communication is effective as hierarchical buildings are removed and there is a free flow of information, cutting across positions or status.
  • It encourages building relationships between the superior and the subordinate.

Topic #2 – Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Click Here For Complete Pdf Notes

Topic #3 Effective Classroom Communication

How to effectively manage classroom communication

  • Teacher must encourage student’s participation by making them listen actively.
  • Teacher must understand facial expression of students because some students may not be able to share their queries and problems with the teacher.
  • Teacher must ask questions to students to test their understanding.
  • Teacher should always motivate students and develop cordial relationship with them.
  • Teaching communication should be precise and clear.
  • While teaching teacher should always take a pause or short breaks after finishing a topic.
  • Humour helps students enjoy the class. Therefore, a teacher should be humours.
  • Students should be encouraged to ask questions and a teacher should not insult them or criticise them because it discourages the students from asking questions.
  • A teacher should not be biased towards any students. For teachers, all students must be equal.
  • A teacher should be empathetic towards students.

Some Key terms

  • Narrowcasting is when the service is streamed for limited people. Example- only subscribers of gradeup super could watch all structured courses.
  • Broadcasting is when there is not restrictions on who could watch. Example- UGC NET gradeup session on Youtube are free for everyone.
  • Synchronous Communication- In this communication, message is streamed in real time. There is no delays. Examples- videoconferences, chat room discussion, voice calls, etc.
  • Asynchronous Communication- In this communication, message is delayed. Example- email, letters, forums, etc.
  • Semiotics- It is a branch of linguistics which studies how sign are interpreted in different languages.
  • Kinesics- In this certain body movements and gestures serve as a form of non-verbal communication.

Topic #3 – Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Click Here For Complete Pdf Notes

Topic #4 Barriers to Effective Communication

Communication in the modern age is characterized by its meaning, speed, effectiveness and its all-pervasive ability to transcend the boundaries, geographical, physical or even psychological. Effective communication has many characteristics, and there could be several factors that could not let the receiver get the correct message or also interpret it. Few of the barriers to effective communication are as follows:

These are the barriers that are created inside the psyche of a person; they may be a result of a person’s thought or preconceived notions. Some important ones are: –

  1. Cognitive dissonance: this occurs when the receiver purposely chose to ignore the message, due to dissonance or conflict in his thought process and the signal he receiving. Example, statutory warning on alcohol bottles.
  2. Stereotyping: these are the result of a person’s ego or his thinking about knowing everything.
  3. Mismatch in the field of experience: This happens when the sender is of a different domain than the receiver. Example, the teacher of philosophy delivers lectures to the history class.
  4. Defensive attitude and closed brains: This barrier arise when the person has a strong urge to maintain the status-quo or the state of ignorance which he has. It can also include fear, anxiety, tension and distorting.
  5. Self – image: This is the most common barrier to the communication; the people are receptive to only those messages that boost their self-image and neglect those messages which are opposite to it.
  6. Filtering: A sender’s content could be filtered to suit the needs of the receiver.

Topic #4 – Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Click Here For Complete Pdf Notes

Topic #5 Model, Linear, Interactive, Transactional Communication

Communication

  • It means exchange of ideas.
  • It could be verbal and non-verbal.
  • It involves sender, message, medium, channel, receiver, response and feedback.
  • Berlo explains communication as S-R model or Sender-Receiver model. In this sender stands for stimulus and receiver stands for response.
  • This explanation of Berlo was later extended to S-M-C-R model. It stands for Sender-Message-Channel-Receiver.
  • Sender encodes the message and send it to receiver through a medium. Receiver decodes the message and send feedback through a medium

Topic #5 – Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Click Here For Complete Pdf Notes

Topic #6 Mass Media And Society in Hindi II Communication

‘Mass media and society’ is the new topic which has been incorporated into revised UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1. This definitely makes it an important topic and it is expected that one or two questions could be asked from this topic. In this post, you will learn about meaning of mass media, types of mass media, characteristics of mass media, and the influence of mass media on society.

Topic #6- Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Click Here For Complete Pdf Notes

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Books

NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF : Teaching & Research Aptitude Paper 1|Fourth Edition|BY Pearson Paperback – 15 March 2020. Ugc Net की तैयारी के लिए KVS Madan की book बहुत popular है. ये दोनों book भी अच्छी है. आप पेपर 1 की तैयारी के लिए इसको खरीद सकते है.

  • NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF : Teaching & Research Aptitude Paper 1|Fourth Edition|BY Pearson Paperback – 15 March 2020

    Ugc Net की तैयारी के लिए KVS Madan की book बहुत popular है. ये दोनों book भी अच्छी है. आप पेपर 1 की तैयारी के लिए इसको खरीद सकते है.

  • NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF: Sikshan Evam Shodh Abhiyogyata| Samanya Paper 1 |Third Edition | By Pearson (Hindi) Paperback – 13 March 2020

     

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Previous Questions

Question #1- Video-Conferencing can be classified as one of the following types of communication :

  1. Visual one way
  2. Audio-Visual one way
  3. Audio-Visual two way
  4. Visual two way
Answer: (3)

Question #2: The English word ‘Communication is derived from the words

  1. Communis and Communicare
  2. Communist and Commune
  3. Communism and Communalism
  4. Communion and Common sense
Answer: (1)

Question #3: Conversing with the spirits and ancestors is termed as 

  1. Transpersonal communication
  2. Intrapersonal communication
  3. Interpersonal communication
  4. Face-to-face communication
Answer: (1)

Question #4:In the process of communication, which one of the following is in the chronological order ?

  1. Communicator, Medium, Receiver, Effect, Message
  2. Medium, Communicator, Message, Receiver, Effect
  3. Communicator, Message, Medium, Receiver, Effect
  4. Message, Communicator, Medium, Receiver, Effect
Answer: (3)

Question #5: Organizational communication can also be equated with

  1. intra-personal communication.
  2. inter-personal communication.
  3. group communication.
  4. mass communication
Answer: (3)

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Mcq Test

Question #1: Means of grapevine communication are

  1. formal
  2. informal
  3. critical
  4. corporate 
Answer: (2)

Question #2:The mode of communication that involves a single source transmitting information to a large number of receivers simultaneously, is called

  1. Group Communication
  2. Mass Communication
  3. Intrapersonal Communication
  4. Interpersonal Communication
Answer: (2)

Question #3:

Assertion (A) : Formal communication tends to be fast and flexible.

Reason (R) : Formal communication is a systematic and orderly flow of information.

  1. Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  2. Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  3. (A) is correct but, (R) is false
  4. (A) is false but, (R) is correct
Answer: (2)

Question #4:  Which of the following are the characteristic features of communication?

  1. Communication involves exchange of ideas, facts and opinions.
  2. Communication involves both information and understanding.
  3. Communication is a continuous process.
  4. Communication is a circular process.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(a), (b) and (c)

(a), (b) and (d)

(b), (c) and (d)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

Answer: (4)

Question #5: Which of the following is not a principle of effective communication ?

  1. Persuasive and convincing dialogue
  2. Participation of the audience
  3. One-way transfer of information
  4. Strategic use of grapevine
Answer: (3)

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Most Repeated Questions-Topics Wise

Communication Meaning, Nature and Characteristics

Question #1: Conversing with the spirits and ancestors is termed as 

  1. Transpersonal communication
  2. Intrapersonal communication
  3. Interpersonal communication
  4. Face-to-face communication
Answer: (1)

Question #2: Organizational communication can also be equated with

  1. intra-personal communication.
  2. inter-personal communication.
  3. group communication.
  4. mass communication
Answer: (3)

Question #3:Telephone is an example of 

  1. linear communication
  2. non-linear communication
  3. circular 
  4. mechanized
Answer: (1)

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication Questions And Answers

Types of Communication

Question #1:In the process of communication, which one of the following is in the chronological order ?

  1. Communicator, Medium, Receiver, Effect, Message
  2. Medium, Communicator, Message, Receiver, Effect
  3. Communicator, Message, Medium, Receiver, Effect
  4. Message, Communicator, Medium, Receiver, Effect
Answer: (3)

Question #2:In circular communication, the encoder becomes a decoder when there is

  1. noise 
  2. audience
  3. criticality
  4. feedback
Answer: (4)

Question #3:In the classroom, the teacher sends the message either as words or images. The students are really

  1. Encoders
  2. Decoders
  3. Agitators
  4. Propagators
Answer: (2)

Effective Classroom Communication

Question #1: Classroom communication can be described as

  1. Exploration
  2. Institutionalisation
  3. Unsignified narration
  4. Discourse
Answer: (4)

Question #2:Classroom communication of a teacher rests on the principle of 

  1. Infotainment
  2. Edutainment
  3. Entertainment
  4. Enlightenment
Answer: (2)

Question #3:____________ is important when a teacher communicates with his/her student.

  1. Sympathy
  2. Empathy
  3. Apathy
  4. Antipathy 
Answer: (2)

Barriers to Effective Communication

Question #1:Break-down in verbal communication is described as

  1. Short circuit
  2. Contradiction
  3. Unevenness
  4. Entropy
Answer: (4)

Question #2:What are the barriers to effective communication ?

  1. Moralising, being judgemental and comments of consolation. 
  2. Dialogue, summary and self-review.
  3. Use of simple words, cool reaction and defensive attitude. 
  4. Personal statements, eye contact and simple narration.
Answer: (1)

Question #2:Internal and external factors that affect message reception by the students in the classroom are referred to as 

  1. feedback
  2. fragmentation
  3. channelisation
  4. noise
Answer: (4)

Nta Ugc Net Paper 1 Communication– 2012 To 2020 All Shift Questions

Nta Ugc Net Communication Complete Course Videos

Communication Ugc Net Unacademy

https://unacademy.com/course/complete-course-on-communication-way-to-jrf/8YBGEZDU

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