2.नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा (Renewable energy)

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  1. S and P waves are associated with

(A) floods

(B) wind energy

(C) earthquakes

(D) tidal energy

Answer: (C)

  1. Which of the following is not a renewable natural resource ?

(A) Clean air

(B) Fertile soil

(C) Fresh water

(D) Salt

Answer: (D)

  1. The second most important source after fossil fuels contributing to India’s energy needs is

(A) Solar energy

(B) Nuclear energy

(C) Hydropower

(D) Wind energy

Answer: (C)

  1. In case of earthquakes, an increase of magnitude 1 on Richter Scale implies

(A) a ten-fold increase in the amplitude of seismic waves.

(B) a ten-fold increase in the energy of the seismic waves.

(C) two-fold increase in the amplitude of seismic waves.

(D) two-fold increase in the energy of seismic waves.

Answer: (A)

  1. The phrase “tragedy of commons” is in the context of

(A) tragic even related to damage caused by release of poisonous gases.

(B) tragic conditions of poor people.

(C) degradation of renewable free access resources.

(D) climate change.

Answer: (C)

  1. ln a fuel cell driven vehicle, the energy is obtained from the combustion of

(A) Methane

(B) Hydrogen

(C) LPG

(D) CNG

Answer: (B)

  1. By the year 2022, the Climate Change Action Plan of Government of India aims at installing

(A) 20,000 MW of wind power

(B) 25,000 MW of wind power

(C) 20,000 MW of solar power

(D) 10,000 MW of solar power

Answer: (C)

  1. Which of the following is not a renewable natural resource?

(A) Clean air

(B) Fresh water

(C) Fertile soil

(D) Salt

Answer: (D)

  1. Two earthquakes A and B happen to be of magnitude 5 and 6 respectively on the Richter Scale. The ratio of the energies released EB/EA will be approximately :

(1) ~ 8 (2) ~ 16 

(3) ~ 32 (4) ~ 64

Answer : 3

  1. Which of the following combinations represent renewable natural resources ?

(1) Fertile soil, fresh water and natural gas

(2)Clean air, phosphates and biological diversity

(3) Fishes, fertile soil and fresh water

(4) Oil, forests and tides

Answer : 3

Q53. As part of National Climate Change Policy, Indian government is planning to raise the installed capacity of renewable energy by the year 2030 to :

(1) 175 GW (2) 200 GW 

(3) 250 GW (4) 350 GW

Answer (4) 

Q54. At present, in terms of per capita energy consumption (kWh/year), identify the correct sequence.

(1) Brazil > Russia > China > India

(2) Russia > China > India > Brazil

(3) Russia > China > Brazil > India

(4) China > Russia > Brazil > India

Answer (3)

  1. Indian government’s target of producing power from biomass by the year 2022, is

(1) 50 MW (2) 25 MW

(3) 15 MW (4) 10 MW

Answer :4

  1. The percentage share of electrical power from solar energy in the total electric power generation from all renewable energy sources sought to be achieved by Indian government by the year 2022, is

(1) ~ 57.1% (2) ~ 65.5%

(3) ~ 47.5% (4) ~ 75%

Answer : 1

  1. Indian government’s target for power production from small hydro projects by the year 2022 is

(1) 1 Giga-Watt

(2) 5 Giga-Watt

(3) 10 Giga-Watt 

(4) 15 Giga-Watt

Answer : 2

  1. Among the following fuels of energy, which is the most environment friendly ?

(1) Ethanol (2) Biogas 

(3) CNG (4) Hydrogen

Answer : 4

  1. In terms of their contribution to the total power generation in India, identify the correct sequence of energy sources – Thermal Power Plants (TPP), Large Hydropower Projects (LHP), Nuclear Energy (NE) and Renewable Energy (RE) which includes solar energy, wind energy, biomass and small hydropower projects.

(1) TPP > RE >LHP >NE

(2) TPP > LHP >RE >NE

(3) LHP >TPP >RE >NE

(4) LHP >TPP >NE >RE

ANSWER :  1

Q-36 An earthquake is rated as ‘major’ id its magnitude in Richter Scale is in the range of:

Options:-

  1. 6.0-6.9
  2. 4.0-4.9
  3. 7.0-7.9
  4. 5.0-5.9

Ans:3 

Q-46 The biggest hindrance in using biomass as a major energy source is:

Options:-

  1. Air pollution due to combustion.
  2. Technology not well developed for commercialization.
  3. Large amount of land required to grow energy crops.
  4. Energy yield of low level.

Ans:3

  1. Which of the following types of energy sources employ direct energy conversion process to produce electricity?

(1) Biomass (2) Wind

(3) Geothermal (4) Nuclear

Ans: 2

  1. The target set by Indian government for generating power from wind energy by the year 2022 is

(1) 60 GW (2) 50GW

(3) 40 GW (4) 15GW

Ans:1

  1. Indian government’s target for share of renewable energy in the total installed capacity of electric power in India by the year 2030 is

(1) 20% (2) 30%

(3) 40% (4) 50%

Ans: 3 

  1. Efficiency of electrical power generation is least amongst the following sources of energy in

case of

(1) Solar

 (2) Wind

(3) Geothermal 

(4) Nuclear

Ans: 3

  1. Choose the set of non-renewable resources

(1) Uranium, natural gas, soil 

(2) Natural gas, uranium, phosphates

(3) Petroleum, uranium, geothermal energy 

(4) Shale gas, uranium, soil

Ans: 1, 2

  1. The potential of geothermal power in India is approximately
  1. 10 GW
  2. 5 GW
  3. 20 GW
  4. 25 GW

Ans. 1

  1. Which of the following is a renewable natural resource?

(1) Biological diversity 

(2) Tin

(3) Natural gas 

(4) Salt

Ans. 1

  1. Identify the correct sequence of biomass fuels in terms of their energy content per unit mass

(a) Dung (dry) > Coconut Shells > Unsorted domestic refuse

(b) Unsorted domestic refuse > Coconut Shells > Dung (dry)

(c) Wood (dry) > Coconut Shells > Unsorted domestic refuse

(d) Coconut Shells > Dung (dry) > Unsorted domestic refuse

Ans. 4

Q.42 Identify the correct sequence of energy sources in terms of their heat of combustion in increasing order

  1. Methane
  2. Natural fats and oils
  3. Dry wood
  4. Green wood

Choose the  correct answer from the options given below

  1. A, C, B, D
  2. D, C, B, A
  3. D, B, C, A
  4. D, C, A, B

Ans:2

Q.42 Thermal reactors produce energy by fusion of the following nuclear fules 

  1. Uranium – 235 (235U)
  2. Uranium – 233 (233U)
  3. Uranium -238 (238U)
  4. Thorium – 232 (232TU)
  5. Plutonium – 239 (239P U)

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

  1. A, B, C and E only
  2. A, B, C, D and E
  3. A, B, D and E only
  4. A, B and E only

Ans:4

Q.40 Which among the following are emitted from a coal-based thermal power plant?

  1. Carbon monoxide
  2. Ozone
  3. Sulphur dioxide
  4. Methene
  5. Particulate matter

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

  1. A, B, C and E only
  2. A, C and E only
  3. A, B, and C only
  4. A, C, D and E only

Ans:2

Q.39 According to the classification of ministry of new and renewable energy and central electricity authority of india, small hydro power plants have capacity in the range

  1. 1-25 MW
  2. 100-1000 KW
  3. 1-50 MW
  4. 1-100KW

Ans:1

Q.36 Identify the correct sequence of the following states union of india in terms of increasing wind energy potential

  1. Gujarat
  2. Rajasthan 
  3. Madhya pradesh
  4. Tamilnadu

Choose the correct answer from the option s given below

  1. D, C, B, A
  2. B, D, C, A
  3. B, C, A, D
  4. B, C,D, A

Ans:

Q.37 As of now, which of the following is a leading country in wind energy based electricity generation?

(1) India

(2) China

(3) France

(4) Denmark

Ans:2

Q.38 Solar water still is a device to to

(1) Produce potable water by using solar energy

(2) Pump water by using solar energy

.

(3) Generate Electricity by using solar energy 

(4) Produce heat using solar energy

Ans:1

Q.37 At present, in india , the total installed renewable power capacity is accounted for by : 

(a) solar power 

(b) wind power 

(c) hydropower 

(d) urban and industrial waste to energy conversion 

(e) Biomass power 

(f) Geothermal power 

Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

  1. Only  (a), (b), (c), (e) and (f)
  2. Only (a),(b), (c), (d)  and (f) 
  3. Only (a), (b), (c), (d)  and (e) 
  4. (a), (e), (c), (d), (e) and (f)

Ans:3

Q.40 The contribution of renewable energy sources including large hydropower projects in the total installed electric power capacity of india at present (june 2019) is approximately 

  1. ~35%
  2. ~23% 
  3. ~19% 
  4. ~41% 

Ans:1

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