2. Meaning And Types of Research Variables

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  1. Participation in which type of research has the great potential for ensuring the improvement of the professional as well as work situation?
  1. Fundamental research 
  2. Applied research
  3. Evaluative research 
  4. Action research
Ans. D
  1. Through which research method, the manipulation of an independent variable and its effect on dependent variable is examined with reference to a hypothesis under controlled conditions?
  1. Ex-post facto research 
  2. Descriptive research 
  3. Case study research 
  4. Experimental research 
Ans. D
  1. Which of the following research types has a potential for enhancing teaching competencies?
  1. Fundamental research 
  2. Applied research
  3. Impact assessment research
  4. Action research
Ans. D
  1. In which of the following research paradigms the focus of concern is on interpreting reality in terms of participants perspective?

(1) Experimental Research

 (2) Ex-post facto Research

(3) Ethnographic Research 

.

(4) Survey Research

Ans: 3

(20). Which of the following sequences correctly reflects scientific investigation?

(i) Conceptualizar theorizing, deduced consequences, observation and testing 

(ii) Testing, observation conceptualizing theorizing and deduced consequences 

(iii) Theorizing, deducing consequences. testing, observing and conceptualizing 

(iv) Observation, conceptualization. theorizing. deduced consequences and method to verify them

Ans: 4

(21). Which of the following research is cyclic in nature?

  1. Fundamental research 
  2. Applied research 
  3. Action research 
  4. Evaluative research
Ans: 3

(22). A university teacher intends to study the relationship between level of aspiration and achievement of rural children. Which design of research will be most appropriate in the context? 

  1. Experimental research design
  2. Ex Post Facto research design
  3. 3.Historical research design
  1. Survey research design
Ans: 2

(23). Hypothesis testing is the main concept of which type of research?

  1. experimental research
  2. Sarvey research
  3. Historical research
  4. Exegetic research
Ans: 1
  1. The probability sampling procedures are mostly used in which of the following researches?
  1. Survey researches
  2. Experimental researches
  3. Phenomenology based researches
  4. Action researches
  5. Correlational design based researches

Select your answer from the following options:

  1. (a), (b) and (e)
  2. (a), (b) and (c)
  3. (b), (c) and (d)
  4. (c), (d) and (e)
Ans. 1
  1. In which of the following research methods, an empirico-inductive paradigm is employed?
  1. Ethnographic probe
  2. Case study method
  3. Ex post facto method
  4. Narrative method
  5. Experimental method

Select your answer from the options given below:

  1. (a), (b) and (c)
  2. (b), (c) and (d)
  3. (a), (b) and (d)
  4. (c), (d) and (e)
Ans. 3
  1. A university teacher plans to improve the study habits of students in his/her class. Which type of research paradigm will be helpful in this regard?
  1. Evaluative research paradigm 
  2. Fundamental research paradigm
  3. Applied research paradigm
  4. Action research paradigm
Ans.4
  1. In an intervention based action research process, which of the following is the usually recommended sequence?

(a) Plan, Act, Observe and Reflect

(b) Observe, Plan, Act and Reflect

(c) Reflect, Plan, Act and Observe

(d) Observe, Act, Reflect and Plan

Ans.1

Q28. A college teacher plans a research programme in which he/she intends to improve the socio-emotional aspect of his/her classroom climate during teaching which one of the following research methods will be considered appropriate in this context?

  1. Experimental method
  2. Descriptive method
  3. Historical method
  4. Action research method
Ans:4

Q29. Which one of the following research procedures w/ill figure under a post positivist approach?

  1. Normative survey 
  2. Experimental study 
  3. Ethnographic study
  4. Ex post facto study
Ans:3

Q.30. A  teacher Proposes to find out the effect of praise and encouragement during a teaching – learning session based on Skinner’s theory of reinforcement. What type of research will it belong to ?

  1. Fundamental research
  2. Evaluative research
  3. Action research
  4. Applied research
Ans:4

Q.31 Which of the following research is intervention -baseed, cyclic in nature and improvement focused?

  1. Case study research 
  2. Survey research 
  3. Experimental research 
  4. Action research
Ans:4

Q.32 In which research method manipulation of ‘independent variable’ and control of ‘extraneous variables, are neither possible nor desirable?

  1. Experimental method
  2. Ex post facto method
  3. Historical method
  4. Descriptive method
Ans:2

Q.33  ‘A university teacher planes to study the performance of students in implementing specific projects in terms of their creativity level’.

Which method of research will be appropriate to use in the context?

  1. Historical method
  2. Descriptive survey method
  3. Experimental Method
  4. Ex post facto method
Ans:4

Q.34. Given are two statements 

Statement I: Action researcher is cyclic in so far as it involves ‘Plan -Act- Observe – Reflect’ cycle

Statement II: The purpose of action research is to develop a theory to  explain causal relationships among variables

In the light of the above the statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below

  1. Both statement I and Statement II are true
  2. Both statement I and Statement II are false
  3. Statement I is correct but statement II is false
  4. Statement I is incorrect but statement II is true
Ans:3

Q.35 What is the usual sequence of steps in the scientific method?

  1. Hypothesis making by identifying the variables
  2. Felt need which is creating the problem
  3. Identifying the difficulty and problem statement formulation
  4. Data analysis and interpretation
  5. Collection of data using appropriate statement formulation

Choose the correct answer from the options given below

  1. A, C, B, D, E
  2. B, C, A, E, D
  3. C, D, E, B, A
  4. B, A, C, E, D
Ans:2

Q.36 The research method which focuses on establishing causal relationships with controls among variables-independent, moderator and dependent, is called

  1. Ex post facto research 
  2. Survey method
  3. Case study method
  4. Experimental method
Ans:4

Q.37. Which argument may be advanced in support of action research in education?

(1) The researcher breaks fresh ground in the field of enquiry.

(2) The knowledge is applied to extend further generalization.

(3) Some new principles are formulated for explaining the events.

(4) The educational situation as well as the practitioner of education undergo a change for the better.

Ans:4

Q.38. The critical difference between experimental and ex post facto research lis in terms of:

 (1) Selection of sample

(2) Causal connection between two variables

(3) Use of research tools

(4) Contro, and manipulation of independent variable

Ans:4

Q.39. When the independent variable is explored rather then manipulated, to observe the effect on dependent variable,the method of research is called,

(1) Ex post facto method

(2) Expreminital method 

(3) Case study 

(4) Descriptive method 

Ans:1

Q.40. Identified the qualitative research characteristics from the following :

(A) Exploring a problem and developing a detailed understanding of a central phenomenon.

(B) Having the literature rev9iew play a minor role but justifying the problem.

(C)  Describing a research problem through a description of trends.

(D) Collecting numeric data from a large number of people using instruments with present questions. 

(E) Collecting data based on words from a small number of individuals.

Choose the correct answer from the options given below :

(1)  (A) (B) and  (C) only

(2)  (A) (B) and (E) only

(3)  (B) (C) and (D) only

(4)  (C) (D) and  (E) only

Ans:2

Q.41. Given below are two statements

Statement I : Fundamental research is directed at exploring the applicability of truth and principles already established.

Statement II : Action research aims to ameliorating the ongoing conditions and practices.

In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below

(1) Both statement I and Statement II are correct

(2) Both statement I and Statement II are incorrect

(3) Statement I is correct but statement II is incorrect

.

(4) Statement I is incorrect but statement II is correct

Ans:4

Q.44 The researcher from which will be an appropriate fit for improving efficiency of formative assessment would be : 

  1. Fundamental research 
  2. Applied research 
  3. Action research 
  4. Ethnographic research 
Ans:3

Q.45. In which of the following research methods, manipulation and control of variables, and randomization of sample are two of the basic requirements? 

  1. Ex post facto research 
  2. Descriptive research 
  3. Case study research 
  4. Experimental research 
Ans:4

 

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